GULF COAST
PAIN MANAGEMENT 
  
Northwood Plaza Medical Building
3001 Eastland Boulevard Suite 7
Clearwater, Florida 33761
 
 

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Phone: (727) 789-0891
Fax: (727) 789-1570
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Gulf Coast Pain Management
BOTULINUM INJECTIONS FOR PAIN
 
 

Botulinum toxin is a complex protein produced by the anaerobic bacterium, Clostridium botulinum. “botulinum” injections can be used to treat various focal muscle spastic disorders and excessive muscle contractions such as dystonias, spasms, etc. It has also been proven to be effective in treating chronic neck and back pain as well as chronic headaches.
 
Botulinum toxin blocks neuromuscular conduction by binding receptor sites on motor nerve terminals, and inhibiting the release of acetylcholine. When injected intramuscularly or subcutaneously at therapeutic doses, botulinum toxin produces local paralysis and allows individual muscles to be weakened selectively. It has the advantage of being a potent neuromuscular blocking agent with good selectivity, duration of action, with few side effects.

 
Botulinum toxin can be used to reduce spasticity or excessive muscular contractions to relieve pain; assist in posturing and walking; allow better range of motion; to permit better physical therapy; to reduce severe spasm in order to provide perineal hygiene. Botulinum toxin has also been successful in reducing the muscle tension involved with chronic headaches and migraine headaches.
 

Intramuscular injection of botulinim toxin has been shown to be safe and relieves pain associated  with several movement disorders, chronic myofacial and cervical pain syndromes. Increased paraspinal muscle activity has been implicated as a factor in low back and neck pain. Pain may arise within ischemic overactive muscle itself due to the build up of metabolic waste products or from structures around the muscle (such as joints and tendons) stressed by persistent muscle tension. Electroymyographic studies often demonstrate increased electrical activity of the paraspinal muscles during activity in patients with low back pain compared with subjects without pain. The possibility that overactive paraspinal muscles may contribute to low back pain provides a rationale for treatment strategies aimed at reducing paraspinal muscle tone, such as biofeedback and muscle relaxing drugs.
 
There are risks involved in Botulinim injections. Common side effects include muscle weakness that may affect function of the limb treated, local bruising, and discomfort at the injection site. There are other common side effects related to the particular disorder that is being treated.
 
The procedure will consist of the following: You will receive botulinum toxin by injection into the muscle through the skin. The skin will be cleaned with an alcohol pad, and the site may be determined by using a small electric stimulator that is called an EMG machine. This allows the physician to correctly locate the muscle to inject. A small electric current may be applied onto the surface of the skin or just beneath the surface of the skin or just beneath the surface of the skin with a small, sterilized needle. 
 
Botulinum toxin may relieve symptoms for three to six months. You may notice some improvement within the next 72 hours but may not notice anything for up to two weeks. 
 
Dystonia is a neurologic disorder manifested by involuntary , sustained contractions (spasms) of muscles producing abnormal postures.  Injections of botulinum toxin type A (Botulinum toxin) a protein that causes temporary weakness of the injected muscles, may provide effective relief for dystonia, hemifacial spasm ( involuntary twitching of one side of the face), spasticity and other painful conditions due to involuntary muscle contractions. Studies involving many patients have demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of this form of  treatment.
 
Botulinum toxin type A, though approved by the FDA for treatment of blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm, has not been approved in treating dystonias, spasticity, or muscle pain. However, the American Academy of Neurology has deemed this drug safe and effective in the treatment of oromandibular, cervical, spasmodic, and focal dystonia.  In addition, the National Institute of Health has also issued a consensus statement that this drug is effective and safe in treating these disorders.
 
In addition to dystonia, recent clinical reports in the medical literature indicate that botulinum toxin type A treatments are safe and effective in the treatment of muscle spasticity (involuntary spasms often seen after spinal cord injury, head injury, and other neurologic disorders). Patients that have had head injuries and strokes often have symptoms with elements of both spasticity and dystonia.
 
An alternative to botulinum toxin type A therapy would be medications taken by mouth such as diazepam, benztropine, clonazepam, baclofen, and others.  Additionally, certain physical therapies are known to be beneficial in the disorder as well.
 
You may be videotaped prior to and while receiving the medication.  By signing this consent form, you give your permission to have Lynne Carr Columbus, D.O.
or her assistants, make photographs, videotapes, and /or recordings of these injections, under the condition that these photographs, etc., will be used in the interest of medical teaching, research, or health science.

These photographs, tapes or recordings and information relating to your case may be published and republished in professional journals or medical books.
 
The procedure will consist of the following: You will receive the botulinum toxin type A by injection into the muscle through the skin.  The skin will be cleaned with an alcohol pad, and the site to be injected may be determined by using a small electric stimulator that is connected to a battery or a larger machine that is called an EMG machine.  This allows the physician to correctly localize the proper area of the muscle to inject.  A small electric current may be applied onto the surface of the skin or just beneath the surface of the skin with a small, sterilized needle.  You will usually receive three needle sticks to each muscle for even distribution of the drug, and approximately 0.3 ccs of fluid (less than a teaspoon) will be injected with each needle insertion.
 
Botulinum toxin type A may relieve symptoms for three to six months.  You may notice some improvement within the next 72 hours but may not notice anything for up to two weeks. If at any time you are uncomfortable during the procedure, please let us know.
 
Potential benefits of this treatment would include reduction in painful spasms, increased ability to range a joint such as the ankle, knee, or arm, potential to increase the speed of walking and other functional abilities, and potential for certain physical therapies to be performed more easily, such as splinting and casting.
 
There are risks involve in botulinum toxin type A injections.  Common side effects include muscle weakness that may affect function of the limb treated, local bruising, and discomfort at the injection site.  There are other conditions listed below in which these injections are performed.  The common side effects related to the following disorders and their
treatments include:
 
*For treatment of Blepharospasm ( involuntary eye closing): ptosis ( eyelid drooping),  diplopia (double vision), burning and pain, eyelid swelling and bruising, tearing.
 
*For treatment of Oromandibular dystonia: dysphasia (swallowing and chewing difficulties), dysarthria (talking difficulty), hoarseness, drooling. 
 
*For treatment of Cervical dystonia: dysphasia, dysarthria, singing difficulty, neck weakness.
 
*For treatment of hemifacial spasm: facial weakness
 
*For treatment of focal dystonia: hand weakness and foot drop
  
Rare side effects have been reported but are not necessarily results of the botulinum toxin.These include: nausea, muscle soreness headaches, lightheadedness, fever, chills, hypertension, weakness, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. 

SPECIAL WARNING OF RISK TO FEMALES OF CHILDBEARING POTENTIAL

The effects of botulinum toxin type A on human babies are unknown, but could cause harm.
For this reason, it is necessary to:
 
1.  Use adequate birth control to avoid getting pregnant while receiving treatment. 
 
2.  Inform me immediately if you get pregnant.
 
This treatment may cause an allergic reaction. Potentially, this reaction could be severe and life threatening.
 
As is true of all medications in medical treatment, there is always the possibility of a new or unexpected risk.
 
If you’ve forgotten what it’s like to live without pain, Lynne Carr Columbus, D.O. understands. She is here to help.
 
She will coordinate your treatment with your primary care physician and the specialists such as general, neuro, and orthopedic surgeons as well as oncologists, neurologists, physiatrists,
and psychiatrists.
 
Feel free to discuss with your physician whether a referral to
Gulf Coast
Pain Management
is appropriate for you.

    If you have any questions whatsoever regarding botulinum
    and whether or not it may be helpful for your pain,
    please do not hesitate to ask Lynne Carr Columbus, D.O.

    Botulinim Injections For Headaches

    Now you can feel good and look good.
    Gulf Coast Pain Management

 

 
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at Gulf Coast Pain Management


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Lynne Carr Columbus, D.O.

NEW Office Address
Office Hours 8:30 am to 4:30 pm
Phone: (727) 789-0891 office Fax: (727) 789-1570
Northwood Plaza Medical Building

3001 Eastland Blvd. Suite 7 Clearwater, FL 33761
 

   

                                    

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